April 12, 1861 Confederate forces fired upon Fort Sumter, thus beginning the American Civil War.
July 3, 1863 Pickett’s Charge on the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg.
Nov 12, 1864 General Sherman orders the destruction of Atlanta leaving just a smoking shell.
Nov 15, 1864 General Sherman starts his total destruction of the South during his famous March to the Sea.
Dec 21, 1864 General Sherman completes his March to the Sea with the capture of the port of Savannah.
April 9, 1865 Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrenders to Yankee General Ulysses S. Grant ending the American Civil War.
April 14, 1865 President Lincoln is assassinated in Ford’s Theatre, Washington DC.

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April 17, 1884 Leo Frank born, Cuero, Texas.
June 1, 1900 Mary Phagan born, Marietta, Georgia.
November 30, 1910

Leo Frank married Lucille Selig of Atlanta.

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April 15th, 1912 RMS Titanic, on her maiden voyage from Southampton to New York, collides with an iceburg and sinks within just a few hours. More than 1,500 people lost their lives in what was one of the deadliest peacetime maritime disasters in modern history.

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April 26, 1913 Confederate Memorial Day.
April 26, 1913 Mary Phagan is murdered at the National Pencil Company.
April 27, 1913 The body of Mary Phagan, filthy, bloody, broken and sexually assaulted, is found in the basement of the National Pencil Company in Atlanta shortly after 3am. Night watchman Newt Lee, who found the body, is arrested.
April 29, 1913 Mary Phagan is buried in the Citizen’s Cemetery in Marietta, now known as the Marietta City Cemetery.
April 29, 1913 Leo Frank is arrested on suspicion of the murder of Mary Phagan.
May 1, 1913 Jim Conley, a black janitor, is arrested when he is discovered rinsing blood off a shirt in the basement of the National Pencil Company.
May 8, 1913 Leo Frank and Newt Lee are ordered to be held for the murder of Mary Phagan.
May 23, 1913 Leo Frank is indicted in the murder of Mary Phagan. Newt Lee is released without charge.
May 28, 1913 Jim Conley admits his involvement with the murder. He claims that Leo Frank ordered him to write the murder notes, and that Frank had killed Mary Phagan “during a ‘game'” and had Conley carry her downstairs.
July 28, 1913 Leo Frank’s trial begins.
August 4, 1913 Jim Conley testifies at the trial of Leo Frank, claiming that Frank had gotten his help in moving Mary Phagan’s body to the cellar. His testimony visibly shook the jury and onlookers.
August 25, 1913 Leo Frank is found guilty of the murder of Mary Phagan.
October 10, 1913 Judge Roan sentenced Leo Frank to be hanged by the neck until he be dead.
February 24, 1914 Jim Conley, self-professed accomplice to the murder of Mary Phagan, is sentenced to a year of hard labour for his role in the crime.

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July 28, 1914 The First World War begins.

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June 21, 1915 Five days before his term as governor ended and one day before Frank was scheduled to hang, Governor John Slaton commutes Leo Frank’s death sentence to a lifetime in prison, based on additional testimonies.
June 21, 1915 Leo Frank is transferred from the Fulton County prison to the State Penitentiary at Milledgeville, a minimum-security work farm.
June 21, 1915 Tom Watson writes in the The Jeffersonian: “This country has nothing to fear from its rural communities. Lynch law is a good sign; it shows that a sense of justice lives among the people.”
July 18, 1915 Leo Frank is assaulted by fellow prison inmate William Creen. His throat is slashed with a seven-inch butcher knife, severing his jugular vein.
August 17, 1915 A 25-man strong lynch mob hangs Leo Frank in a wood, at Frey’s Gin, two miles (3 km) east of Marietta.
August 19, 1915 An unidentified man gives Frank’s wedding ring to his wife, fulfilling his last request.
August 20, 1915 Frank is buried in the Mount Carmel Cemetery in Glendale, Queens, New York.
November 25, 1915 William Simmons, along with some of the men who lynched Leo Frank, the so-called “Knights of Mary Phagan”, and others burn a cross at the top of Stone Mountain, signalling the rebirth of the Ku Klux Klan.
December 6, 1915 Ku Klux Klan parade down Peachtree Street following the première of D. W. Griffith’s Birth of a Nation at the Atlanta Theatre.
July 1, 1916 The new Knights of the Ku Klux Klan receives its official charter from the state of Georgia.
June 30, 1917 Hugh M. Dorsey becomes Governor of Georgia.

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Nov 11, 1918 The First World War ends.

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August 20, 1920 The Nineteenth Amendment became part of the U.S. Constitution finally allowing women to vote.
March 4, 1982 Alonzo Mann, who was an office boy at the National Pencil Factory and was in the building on the day the crime was committed, admits that he saw Jim Conley carrying the body of Mary Phagan by himself, contrary to Conley’s testimony.

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March 11, 1986 Georgia pardons Leo Frank, not because of new evidence in the murder of Mary Phagan, but because the state failed to provide protection while Frank was in custody.
December 17, 1998 Parade, the musical, opens on Broadway at the Vivian Beaumont Theatre.
June, 2000 The names of the Knights of Mary Phagan, the lynch mob, are finally published on the web. They include a former governor of Georgia, 2 mayors, 4 sheriffs, a police officer, a judge, a District Attorney, 2 lawyers, a doctor, a banker, many businessmen and Mary Phagan’s uncle.
2003 Steve Oney publishes his authoritative book on the subject And The Dead Shall Rise: The Murder of Mary Phagan and the Lynching of Leo Frank.

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The blue entries are directly related to the Leo Frank case and, therefore, our show.

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